Hip and thigh injuries--first aid guide

Fracture to the hip and thigh bones.

Recognition
  • Pain at the site of injury
  • Inability to walk.
  • Signs of shock.
  • Shortening of the leg.
Priorities
  • Immobilize the lower limb.
  • Urgent transfer to hospital.
Steps in administering aid
  • Put on gloves.
  • Help the casualty to lie down.
  • If possible, ask a helper to gently steady and support the injured limb.
  • Gently straighten the casualty’s lower leg. If necessary, apply traction at the ankle to help straighten the leg.
  • Call for help.
  • If ambulance is expected to arrive soon, keep the leg supported in the same position until the ambulance arrives.
  • If the ambulance is not expected to arrive soon, immobilize the leg by splinting it to the uninjured one.
  • Gently bring the uninjured limb alongside the injured one.
  • Position bandages at the ankles and feet, then the knees, add bandages above and below the fracture site.
  • Insert soft padding between the legs to prevent the bony parts from rubbing against each other, then tie the bandages on the uninjured side.
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