Minor burns and scalds--First Aid Guide

Minor burns and scaldsRecognition

  • Reddened skin.
  • Pain in the area of burn.
  • Blistering of the affected area.


  • Stop the burning.
  • Relieve pain and swelling.
  • Prevent infection.
Minor burns and scalds

Steps in administering aid
  • Put on sterile gloves.
  • Flood the injured part with cold water for at least 10 minutes to stop the burning and relieve the pain. This is more effective than using sprays. If water is not available, any cold harmless liquid such as milk or canned drinks can be used.
  • Gently remove any jewelry, watches, belts or constricting clothing from the injured before it begins to swell.
  • Cover the area with sterile dressing or a clean, non-fluffy pad and bandage loosely in place. A plastic bag or kitchen film makes a good temporary covering.
  • Apply kitchen film length-ways to prevent construction of the area if the tissues swell.

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