Blood Borne Pathogen Hepatitis B

Blood Borne Pathogen Hepatitis B is a potentially life-threatening liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus. It is a major global health problem. It can cause chronic and acute infection and puts people at high risk of death from cirrhosis and liver

Signs and Symptoms

Most people do not experience any symptoms during the acute infection phase. However, some people have acute illness with symptoms that last several weeks, they include;
  • Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
  • Dark urine                                                
  • Extreme fatigue,
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain.
  • A small subset of persons with acute hepatitis can develop acute liver failure which can lead to death.

Blood borne pathogen Hepatitis B is transmitted through;


The hepatitis B virus can survive outside the body for at least 7 days. During this time, the virus can still cause infection if it enters the body of a person who is not protected by the vaccine. The incubation period of the hepatitis B virus is 75 days on average, but can vary from 30 to 180 days. The virus may be detected within 30 to 60 days after infection and can persist and develop into chronic hepatitis B

Treatment of blood borne pathogen Hepatitis B


There is no specific treatment for acute hepatitis B. Therefore, care is aimed at maintaining comfort and adequate nutritional balance, including replacement of fluids lost from vomiting and diarrhea. Chronic hepatitis B infection can be treated with drugs, including oral antiviral agents. Treatment can slow the progression of cirrhosis, reduce incidence of liver cancer and improve long term survival.

So get tested for Hepatitis B because early detection is early prevention.
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