Haemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anus.Its a form of varicose veins. Risk factors include pregnancy and constipation.
Constipation is associated with hemorrhoids formation due to straining while passing stool.
Treatment of hemorrhoids in pregnancy is mainly conservative. This includes eating high fiber diet and increasing water intake in order to make stool soft. Straining during bowel movements should be avoided.
Stool softeners may be used when constipation remains a problem after the above measures.
When the hemorrhoids are painful analgesic suppositories and ointments should be used. Bathing with warm water also helps relieve pain. Rarely is surgery indicated during pregnancy unless when there are severe symptoms.
Haemorrhoids usually resolve spontaneously in 3-6 months after delivery.
Prevention of haemorhoids in pregnancy involves keeping constipation at bay by intake of high fiber diet and intake of adequate water.
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