Breathing Problems Aid

Breathing System

If a person appears to be unconscious approach carefully. The victim may be in contact with electrical current. If so, make sure the electricity is shut off before touching the victim. The first function you should check is respiration. Tap or shake the victim’s shoulder gently, shouting. “Are you all right?” Look for any signs of breathing. Can you hear breath sounds? Can you feel breath on your cheek? If the person is breathing, do not perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.

If you aren't certain if the victim is breathing, or if there are no signs of breath, follow these steps:
  1. Lay the person on his or her back on the floor or ground. Roll the victim over if necessary, being careful to turn the head with the remainder of the body as a unit to avoid possible neck injury. Loosen any tight clothing around the neck or chest.
  2. Check for any foreign material in the mouth or throat and remove it quickly.
  3. Open the airway by tilting the head back and lifting the chain up.
  4. Pinch the nostrils shut with your thumb and index finger.
  5. Take a deep breath, open your mouth wide and place it securely over the victim’s and give two slow breaths, each lasting 1 to 10 seconds. Remove your mouth, turn your head, and check to see if the victim’s chest rises and falls. If you hear air escaping from the victim’s mouth and see the chest fall, you know that you are getting air into the lungs.
  6. Repeat once every five seconds (twelve breaths per minute) until professional help takes over, or the victim begins breathing on his or her own. It may take several hours to revive someone. If you stop, the victim may not be able to breathe on his or her own. Once the person does begin to breathe independently always get professional help.
  7. If air doesn't seem to be entering the chest, or the chest doesn't fall between breaths, tilt the head further back. If that doesn’t work, follow the directions for choking emergencies later in this section.
  8. If the victim is a child, do not pinch the nose shut. Cover both the mouth and nose with your mouth, and place your free hand very lightly on the child’s chest. Use small puffs of air rather than big breaths. Feel the chest inflate as you blow, and listen for exhaled air. Repeat once every three seconds (twenty breaths per minute). 

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