First aid for Poisoning

Many common household substances including glue, aspirin, bleaches, and paint, can be poisonous. Make sure you know the emergency numbers for the Poison Control Center and Fire Department Rescue Squad. Keep them near your telephone. Be prepared to provide the following information:
  • The kind of substance swallowed and how much was swallowed.
  • If a child or adult swallowed the substance.
  • Symptoms.
  • Whether or not vomiting has occurred.
  • Whether you gave the person anything to drink.
  • How much time it will take to get to an emergency room.

The poison Control Center or rescue team will tell you whether or not to induce vomiting or neutralize a swallowed poison. Here are some additional guidelines.
  1. Always assume the worst if a small child has swallowed or might have swallowed something poisonous. Call the local Poison Control Center or emergency number (911 in many areas). Keep the suspected item or containers with you to answer questions.
  2. Do not give any medication unless a physician or the Poison Control Center instructs you to do so.
  3. Do not follow the directions for neutralizing poisons on the container unless a doctor or the Poison Control Center confirms that they are appropriate measures to take.
  4. If the child is conscious, give moderate doses of water to dilute the poison.
  5. If a poisoning victim is unconscious, make sure he or she is breathing. If not, give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Do not give anything by mouth or attempt to stimulate the person. Call for emergency help immediately.
  6. If the person is vomiting make sure he or she is in position in which he or she cannot choke on what is brought up.
  7. While vomiting is the fastest way to expel swallowed poisons from the body, never try to induce vomiting if the person has swallowed any acid or alkaline substances, which can cause burns of the, mouth, and throat (example include ammonia, bleach, dishwasher detergent, drain and toilet cleaners, lye, oven cleaners, or rust removers), or petroleum-like products, which produce dangerous fumes that can be inhaled during vomiting (examples include floor polish, furniture wax, gasoline, kerosene, lighter fluid, turpentine and paint thinner).

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