Kidney Disease Diet Tips

The major role of Kidney is to remove waste products & purify blood. It also helps to remove excess water, minerals & chemicals & regulate water & minerals like Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Phosphorus & Bicarbonates in the body.

With kidney disease, the kidneys don't work as well as they should — they could even stop working. People with kidney disease often do not have any symptoms. Most people don't know there is a problem until right before their kidneys fail. If your kidneys fail, you will need to have regular dialysis or a kidney transplant.

In patients with CKD (chronoc kidney disease), regulation of fluids & electrolyte may be deranged. Because of this reason even normal intake of water, common salt , potassium can cause serious disturbance in fluid & electrolytes balance.

A diet modified for your individual needs may help slow the progression of kidney disease.
The goals of Dietary Therapy in CKD patients are:
1) To slow down the Progression of CKD & to Postpone the need of Dialysis.
2) To reduce toxic effects of excess Urea in the Blood.
3) To maintain optimal nutritional status & prevent the loss of lean body mass.
4) To reduce the risk of fluid & electrolyte disturbances.
5) To reduce the risk of cardio-vascular disease.

PROTEIN & THE CKD: Dietary proteins are the building blocks of muscles & tissues. High quality protein sources include non-veggies, eggs, soy products. When kidneys are damaged, protein waste products can built up in the blood.So low -protein consumption can lessen stress on the Kidneys. To ensure protein intake must consult DIETITIAN for balanced diet plan.

PHOSPHORUS & CKD: Dietary Phosphorus is a mineral present in all high protein foods like dairy products, pulses & non-veggies foods. Our body uses it to build strong bones & teeth. But In CKD, Kidneys begin to lose their ability to remove excess phosphorus from the blood. Because elevated blood phosphorus levels can contribute to bone & heart disease. So reduce the amount of protein in your diet to reduce the amount of phosphorus.

SODIUM & CKD: Sodium consumption is limited in the CKD to help keep blood pressure under control. High blood pressure is the second leading cause of CKD. Sodium cause thirst & water retention.

A Healthy Kidney diet that supports your kidney & your overall health can fit into your life with help from your DIETITIAN & dedication on your part. It starts with the foundation of a basic healthy diet & then modifying protein, phosphorus, potassium & sodium for your individual needs.

Your DOCTOR & DIETITIAN will be important resources to help you know exactly what your body needs.

Source: Mrs. Rekha Champaneria: Dietitian & Diabetic Educator.
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