Birth Control Guide - Female and Male Sterilization

Birth Control Guide - Female and Male Sterilization


Tubal Ligation (Female Sterilization)

What is Tubal Ligation (Female Sterilization)?

Tubal ligation is an operation to cut and tie the tubes that carry the egg from the ovary to the uterus. These tubes are called the Fallopian Tubes. When the tubes are cut, the egg and the sperm cannot join. Tubal ligation is a permanent form of birth control.

How well does Tubal Ligation (Female Sterilization) work?

Tubal ligation works better than any other form of birth control. Tubal ligation will not protect you from sexually transmitted infections. You and your partner should use a condom.

How is Tubal Ligation (Female Sterilization) done?

The surgeon makes a small cut in the lower abdomen, removes a piece from each tube, and ties off the ends. The operation is done when you are asleep (general anesthetic) or when your lower body is frozen (local anesthetic).

Are there any side effects of Tubal Ligation (Female Sterilization)?

There are no side effects, but all surgery carries some risk.

Will Tubal Ligation (Female Sterilization) affect our sex life?

Some women find that not having to worry about pregnancy makes them more interested in sex.

How can I get Tubal Ligation (Female Sterilization)?

You will need to talk to your doctor.

Vasectomy (Male Sterilization)

What is Vasectomy (Male Sterilization)?

A vasectomy is an operation that cuts and ties the tubes that carry the sperm from the testicles to the penis. When he has sex, the man still feels orgasm and still ejaculates, but the fluid contains no sperm.

How well does Vasectomy (Male Sterilization) work?

A vasectomy does not work right away. There may still be some sperm in the tubes, and the fluid that comes from his penis must be tested several times after the surgery to be sure it contains no sperm. When the fluid is free of sperm, a vasectomy is almost 100% effective. Like tubal ligation, vasectomy is a permanent method of birth control. A vasectomy will not protect you from sexually transmitted infections. You and your partner should use a condom.

How is Vasectomy (Male Sterilization) done?

A vasectomy is a minor operation. It is done with freezing (an anesthetic) in the man’s scrotum. Sometimes it is done in a doctor’s office. Sometimes it is done in a hospital. Men do not need to stay in the hospital after the operation. Most men take a few days to rest at home.

Are there any side effects of Vasectomy (Male Sterilization)?

There are no side effects but all surgery carries some risk.

Will Vasectomy (Male Sterilization) affect our sex life?

Vasectomy does not affect the way a man performs or how he enjoys sex.

How can we get Vasectomy (Male Sterilization)?


You will need to talk to your doctor.
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