Birth Control Guide - Intrauterine Device (IUD)


What is Intrauterine Device (IUD)?

An IUD is a small piece of plastic that a doctor puts into your uterus. It works by stopping the fertilized egg from implanting inside the uterus.
Birth Control Guide - Intrauterine Device (IUD)

How well does Intrauterine Device (IUD) work?

The IUD does not work as well as the pill, but is still very good. For more information talk to your health care provider. An IUD will not protect you from sexually transmitted infections. You and your partner should use a condom.

How do I use Intrauterine Device (IUD)?

The IUD must be put in your uterus by a doctor while you are having your period. You may feel some discomfort when this is being done, and some cramping afterward. Most IUDs can be left in place for 5 to 7 years. You will need to visit your doctor for a checkup at least once a year.

You also need to check that the IUD is still in place by feeling for the thread in your vagina. You should do this at least once a month. Most women do it right after their period ends.

Are there any side effects of Intrauterine Device (IUD)?

Most women do not have problems. However, you may have some spotting or feel a bit of pain for a few months after you get the IUD. Some women have more cramps and heavier periods.
Contact you doctor or nurse practitioner if you have;
  • Severe cramps
  • Severe bleeding
  • Vaginal discharge or smells that are not normal

Will Intrauterine Device (IUD) affect our sex life?

If the IUD is in the right place, neither you nor your partner should notice it at all.

How do I get Intrauterine Device (IUD)?


You will need to go to your doctor’s office or a family planning clinic. After childbirth, your doctor can insert an IUD when you go for your 6-week checkup, as long as your uterus is healing and there is no sign of infection.
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