Child Car Seat Safety Guide

Child Car Seat Safety Guide
Babies are at greater risk of injury in crashes. This is because babies' spines are developing and their heads are large for their bodies. In a crash, if your child is riding forward-facing, her spinal cord may stretch, which could result in serious injury or death. However, when your baby rides rear-facing in a child safety seat, her upper body — head, neck, and spine — is cradled by the back of the child safety seat in the case of a frontal crash, which is the most common type of crash.

When used right, child seats and booster seats reduce the chance of children being hurt and/or killed in a crash. However, most car seats are not installed properly. The Ministry of Transportation of Ontario recently found out that as many as 80% of car seats are improperly installed.

How do you know that your child safety seat is installed correctly?



Newborn babies and infants need special protection while in a vehicle. A rear-facing seat protects your baby’s head, neck, and soft bones. Keep your baby this way until after he is one year old. Your baby may fit into some rear-facing seats until he is 18 kg (40 lbs.) The harness should: • be at or slightly below your baby’s shoulder • be one finger tight at the collarbone • have the chest clip at armpit level • lay flat and snug. The seat should: • be at a 45º angle • move less than 2.5 cm (1 in) side-to-side where the belt or UAS (LATCH) is attached to the vehicle. Remember: Always follow the vehicle owner's manual and the child car seat manufacturer's instructions for correct installation and use of the child safety seat.

What is the safest seat for your child?


The Ministry does not recommend particular brands of child car seats. All child car seats manufactured for sale in various countries of the world must have an individual Country Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (CMVSS) label or statement of compliance on the seat. Child car seats without this label or compliance statement do not meet CMVSS requirements. Car seats made for the U.S. market have different compliance requirements. The Perth DistrictHealth Unit strongly recommends that you purchase and install your infant’s safety seat by your sixth month of pregnancy.

Common mistakes parents often make when it comes to car seat safety


Getting a used car seat without researching its history


If you don't know the car seat's history, don't use it.

Placing the car seat in the wrong spot


The safest place for your child's car seat in the back seat, away from active airbags.

Using the car seat as a replacement crib


A car seat is designed to protect your child during travel. It's not for use as a replacement crib in your home.

Incorrectly installing the car seat or buckling up your child


Before you install a car seat, read the manufacturer's instructions and the section on car seats in the vehicle's owner’s manual.

Reclining your child at the incorrect angle


In the rear-facing position, recline the car seat according to the manufacturer's instructions so that your child's head doesn't flop forward.

Moving to a forward-facing car seat too soon


Resist the urge to place your child's car seat in the forward-facing position just so that you can see his or her smile in your rear-view mirror.

Dressing your child in bulky outerwear


Harness straps might not provide enough protection over a baby's bulky outerwear. If it's cold, dress your baby in a lightweight jacket and hat. Buckle the harness snugly and then tuck a blanket around your baby for warmth. Save the bulky outerwear for outdoors.

Moving to a booster seat too soon


Older children need booster seats to help an adult safety belt fit correctly. You can switch from a car seat to a booster seat when your child has topped the highest weight — typically 40 to 80 pounds (18 to 36 kilograms) — or height allowed by the car seat manufacturer.

Incorrectly using a booster seat


Booster seats must be used with a lap and shoulder belt — never a lap-only belt. Make sure the lap belt lies low and snug across your child's upper thighs and that the shoulder belt crosses the middle of your child's chest and shoulder.

Using the vehicle safety belt too soon


Most kids can safely use an adult seat belt sometime between ages 8 and 12.
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