How do I know if I have hypertension?

Man being tested for blood pressure
Courtesy

To know your blood pressure, you will need to have it checked with a device known as sphygmomanometer which has a cuff which will be wrapped around your arm and the value will be recorded and if the value is greater than or equal to ¹⁴⁰/₉₀ as discussed earlier. High blood pressure readings taken on two occasions indicate that the person has hypertension.

If someone’s blood pressure is taken after undergoing a rigorous exercise and it’s found to be high, there’s no cause for alarm because blood pressure may be elevated when one is engaged in a rigorous physical activity or intense emotional states. There’s a problem when the blood pressure is persistently elevated.

Your doctor may also conduct some physical examinations, to check the conduct some physical examination to check the condition of your heart. Depending on the findings, you may be asked to do further tests. If one is found to be hypertensive he may be asked to take some other tests such as;
  • Blood sugar to know if there are associated diabetes
  • Blood cholesterol
  • Urinalysis
  • Electrolyte, urea, and creatinine to determine the condition of the kidney
  • ECG to check the electrical activity of the heart muscles and
  • Echocardiography to check heart structures, the valves, the heart muscles and how well the heart contracts etc.
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