Symptoms new-born-baby parents should never ignore

Symptoms new-born-baby parents should never ignore
The vast majority of aches and sniffles pass quickly, but what about the times when you should worry? It is not always easy to know if a child’s symptoms are serious. They can be running around happily one minute and then suddenly seem very poorly the next.

Dr. Ashley Reece, consultant ­paediatrician at Spire Bushey Hospital in Hertfordshire, says: “By and large, parents should trust their instincts.

“Here are 10 ‘red flag’ symptoms that should signal a visit to the doctor or hospital, but if you’re in any doubt, always contact your doctor.”

High fever


A temperature of more than 37.5⁰C (99.5⁰F) is a fever. But most family doctors stress that the number on the thermometer isn’t as important as how children seem in themselves.

If they are still playing and eating normally there’s probably no need to worry, but if they seem irritable or unusually drowsy it is cause for concern. The exception is babies under three months with a high ­temperature, who should see a doctor.

Most fevers in kids are caused by colds or other viral infections and can be treated at home using children’s paracetamol, such as Calpol suspension.

Watch for an unexpected second rise in temperature a few days into a cold or virus, this can indicate a secondary ear or throat infection, which may require antibiotics.

Fever with a rash, stiff neck, and a headache


These symptoms together, along with a dislike of bright lights, vomiting, difficulty waking, confusion, or fits, can signal that your child has meningitis – a potentially life-threatening swelling of the membranes in the brain and spine.

It is important to note that sometimes not all the symptoms occur – for example, the neck stiffness or rash can be absent.

Lots of illnesses cause rashes, but the telltale one, which is a sign of septicemia or blood poisoning caused by meningitis, presents as spots or blotches, anywhere on the body, and they don’t lose redness when a glass is pressed against them.

When septicemia occurs with meningitis, it can cause leg pain, mottled skin, and cold hands and feet.

If you notice any of these, go to the hospital as early treatment is vital to prevent fatal complications. See meningitis.org for more advice.

Excessive crying


Doctors say parents often sense if a baby’s crying is excessive or doesn’t sound “right”.

Generally, if it is constant, higher-pitched than usual and there is fever, it could indicate a serious infection or even meningitis, so get help immediately. Also read: why is my baby crying

Breathing problems


If your child is wheezing or experiencing fast or labored breathing, they will need immediate medical help.

Respiratory problems account for a third of emergency visits to pediatric wards and are the fifth most common cause of death in UK children between the age of one and 14.

The cause may be asthma, or a viral infection such as pneumonia, which is why breathing difficulties often follow cold symptoms such as fever, runny nose, cough or sore throat.

Respiratory distress, or an increase in effort of breathing, means your child isn’t getting enough oxygen and must go to casualty.

Other signs are:

  • A bluish color around their mouth, lips, or fingernails 
  • Pale or grey-looking skin tone 
  • Nostrils flaring excessively 
  • Skin “sucking in” between, above, or below the rib-cage 

Severe tummy pain

Abdominal pains are common and are usually down to a tummy upset, change of food, or constipation.

But severe pain lasting more than a few hours could mean appendicitis, especially if it is concentrated on the lower right side.

This sudden inflammation of the appendix can be life-threatening and missed in young children as they rarely get telltale signs that adults suffer, such as fever, nausea, or vomiting.

Get prolonged tummy pains checked.

Headaches, especially after a fall


Headaches are common but the ones to get checked out include:

Those following a blow to the head, as they may suggest concussion or brain injury, especially if your child has vomiting, vision changes, ­dizziness, confusion, sensitivity to light and/or noise, and changes in mood.

Those getting progressively worse, occurring first thing in the morning along with ­vomiting, or if vomiting relieves pain.

Severe reactions


Figures from Allergy UK show childhood allergies have risen dramatically in the last 20 years, with nearly half of the kids being diagnosed with at least one by the age of 18.

Food allergies can prove fatal. Those most likely to cause allergies in kids are eggs, fish, nuts (particularly peanuts) soy, seafood, and milk. Other potential serious allergens include bee stings and some medications.

Potential signs of a life-threatening allergic reaction that requires an immediate trip to casualty include:
  • Wheezing or difficulty breathing 
  • A stinging nettle-like rash 
  • Swelling of lips, throat, or tongue 

Fainting

An unexplained faint – even if they seem fine in a minute – should be checked by your GP. If they don’t recover within a few seconds, have difficulty breathing, a weak pulse, and/or experience body spasms or seizure, take them to hospital.

Frequent urination with weight loss, thirst, and lethargy

These can be signs of Type 1 diabetes. It is vital to see a doctor as soon as possible as this can result in severe dehydration and coma.

Chronic diarrhea and vomiting

Cases that last several hours can be a sign of a serious infection and may result in dehydration – a potentially dangerous state, especially for young children and babies.

Oral rehydration drinks, such as Dioralyte, can help. Call your doctor for advice.
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