Depression 101: All You Need To Know About Depression

Depression 101: All You Need To Know About Depression

According to Global Health Data Exchange, as of 2019, approximately 3.8% of the world population suffered from depression, with 5% being adults above 20 years and around 5.7% of those aged between 60 to 89 years.

What Is Depression?

Depression is a mental disorder that manifests itself as a continuous feeling of sadness, low moods, and disinterest in activities you previously enjoyed and life. Depression is persistent and can go on for weeks, months, or even years. It exists in different forms, including:

  • Bipolar Depression
  • Psychotic Depression
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
  • Clinical Depression
  • Postpartum Depression
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia)
  • Seasonal Depression

What Are The Symptoms Of Depression?

A majority of affected individuals suffer in silence because most are not even aware they are depressed. GHDx data shows that most depression patients are women. Men show signs of depression through anger, fatigue, and being easily irritable. On the other hand, women manifest the symptoms through feelings such as guilt, unworthiness, and sadness. Other symptoms can include:

  • Suicide thoughts
  • Disinterest in activities previously enjoyed
  • Change in sleeping pattern. It can either be insomnia or sleeping too much
  • Having a hard time concentrating
  • Low moods and lack of motivation
  • Change in eating habits. Some people eat more or less than usual.
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Unexplained pain such as joint paint, backaches, and bloating

For these symptoms to qualify for a depression diagnosis, they have to last two weeks or more.

What causes depression?

Depression can result from several factors such as:

  • Trauma experienced in earlier life accompanied by fear and mental distress.
  • Mood disorders may be genetically inherited in the family.
  • Substance abuse
  • Loss of a loved one
  • Sociological and environmental factors
  • Medical conditions such as bipolar disorder, sleep disturbance, or chronic pain.

Is There Treatment For Depression?

There exists no specific cure for depression. However, there exist different forms of antidepressants and psychotherapy that can be used for treatment. Treatment varies depending on the individual and the type of depression or symptoms experienced.


Depression affects a large number of the world’s population. It can affect anyone either directly or indirectly. However, seeking treatment is the first step to managing the symptoms. Talk to your healthcare professional as soon as possible if you or someone close to you exhibits the symptoms.

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